coal mine fires due to combustion reactions

Critical Appraisal to Assess the Extent of Fire in Old Abandoned Coal Mine Areas - Indian Context

ABSTRACT: Mine fires in Indian coal mines have a long history of over 140 years and major causes of ... The incidences of fire (about 70 %) in Indian coal mines are mainly due to spontaneous combustion of coal (Zutshi et al. 2001). Spontaneous combustion ...

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Coal Fires a major Source of Greenhouse Gases- a forgotten problem.

Due to the character of the coal the fires start in areas were coal comes in contact with oxygen. These coal fires are caused anthropogenic and emerge from crude mining activities. ...

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Coal seam fire - Wikipedia

A coal-seam fire refers to natural burning of an outcrop or underground coal seam. Most coal-seam fires exhibit smoldering combustion, ... (site about coal mine fires from Anupma Prakash, of the Univ. of Alaska-Fairbanks) "Fighting Infernos Underground" ...

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Spontaneous combustion of coal - Share and Discover Knowledge on LinkedIn SlideShare

HISTORY OF COAL MINE FIRES DUE TO SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION World scenario: •There are several instances of fires due to spontaneous combustion in the past history of mining which continued to burn for several decades and centuries. China •In ...

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Dealing with open fire in an underground coal mine by ventilation control techniques

property occurred due to mine fires and explosions. Mine fires are mainly caused by sluggish ventilation, frictional heat, electrical sparks, or spontaneous combustion in coal ...

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Emissions from Coal Fires and Their Impact on the Environment

Emissions from Coal Fires and Their Impact on the Environment Introduction—Coal Fires, Emissions, and Resource Implications ... combustion or extend the life of coal fires started by inadvertent combustion in mines. Where exposed at the surface, as in the ...

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Coal seam fire : definition of Coal seam fire and synonyms of Coal seam fire (English)

A coal seam fire or mine fire is the underground smouldering of a coal deposit, often in a coal mine. Such fires have economic, social and ecological impacts. They are often started by lightning, grass, or forest fires, and are particularly insidious because they ...

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What Causes Spontaneous Combustion? - Gizmodo

Relatively common, as of January 2013, over 200 coal fires were burning in the U.S. alone. These blazes are notoriously difficult to extinguish, and one coalmine fire that could have arisen from spontaneous combustion, the Centralia Mine Fire which ignited in ...

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Mine fire gas indices and their application to Indian underground coal mine fires

Willet (1952, 1962), Justin and Kim (1988) and Kim (1991, 2004) are noteworthy. The mine fire gases are the products of the oxidized coal. Due to mine fire activity, the gases are produced in enormous quantities, causing explosions and pollu-tion in the region. In ...

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Inhibition of Spontaneous Combustion of Coal

INHIBITION OF SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION OF COAL By Alex C. Smith,1 Yael Miron,2 and Charles P. Lazzara3 ABSTRACT ... underground coal mine fires are attributed to spontaneous combustion (1).4 The incidence rate is expected to methods and ...

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Assessing and managing spontaneous combustion of coal

IEA Clean Coal Centre – Assessing and managing spontaneous combustion of coal 3 Preface ... Most underground mine explosions are due to a build-up of methane which is then ignited by a spark, usually from a piece of equipment or a friction event. However ...

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Storage of Coal: Problems and Precautions

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS – Vol. II – Storage of Coal: Problems and Precautions - G. Ökten, ... Banerjee, S.C., (1985), " Spontaneous Combustion of Coal and Mine Fires", A.A Balkema/ Rotterdam. [Another useful publication on spontaneous combustion ...

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Mechanism of Spontaneous Combustion | Combustion | Coal

Mechanism of Spontaneous Combustion- By Ali Bux Wassan Explore Explore Scribd Top Charts Explore ... while others inhibit its development. it is known that oil shale bands adjoining coal seams play an important role in mine fires . such as alumina and iron ...

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Effects of pyrite on the spontaneous combustion of coal | SpringerLink

The spontaneous combustion of coal is one of the biggest challenges in coal mining. It can cause a series of problems, including significant environmental contamination, temporary or permanent mine closures, environmental problems and even fatalities (Singer et ...

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Review of experimental methods to determine spontaneous combustion susceptibility of coal – Indian context: International Journal of Mining ...

Review of experimental methods to determine spontaneous combustion susceptibility of coal – Indian context ... and irritant to respiratory tracks causing several health problems [11 S.M. Melody and F.H. Johnston, Coal mine fires and human health: what do), 1 ...

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APPLICATION OF INHIBITORS TO PREVENT SPONTANEOUS HEATING OF COAL

coal mine fires is dated back to the year 1865, when the first fire was first reported in Raniganj Coalfields. The open fire in in the mines not only causes environmental pollution by ...

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Investigation of the Role of Fire Retardants in Preventing Spontaneous Heating of Coal and Controlling Coal Mine Fires

Investigation of the Role of Fire Retardants in Preventing Spontaneous Heating of Coal and Controlling Coal Mine Fires J. Pandey*, N. K. Mohalik, R. K. Mishra, A. Khalkho and V. K. Singh, Mine Fire Division, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad,

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Earth On Fire | DiscoverMagazine.com

Stracher posed for a photograph next to a mournful sign outside the church that read, "Centralia: Coal mine fire is our future. ... Extinguishing a fire requires cooling the coal and isolating it from both the heat and the oxygen that feeds combustion. Surface fires ...

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Spontaneous Combustion of Coal - Practical Maintenance

Spontaneous combustion of coal is the process of self heating resulting eventually in its ignition without the application of external heat. ... solid combustion reactions are slower than gas to gas reactions, high fixed carbon content indicates that the coal will ...

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Investigation on Fires in Coal Mines and Approach for Prevention Case-Study

Investigation on Fires in Coal Mines and Approach for Prevention – Case-Study A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MINING ENGINEERING By Siddhartha ...

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(PDF) Impacts of Coal Fires on the Environment

Spontaneous combustion of coal and mine fires. AA Balkema Article Jan 1985 S.C. Banerjee View Detection, delineation and monitoring of subsurface coal ...

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Coal fires - SourceWatch

Coal fires occur in operating coal mines, abandoned coal mines and waste coal piles. They sometimes start because of a nearby blaze, but they can also ignite through spontaneous combustion: certain minerals in the coal, such as sulfides and pyrites, can oxidize ...

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Mark Nelson's Research Interest: Spontaneous combustion

A succinct overview of the issues relating to the spontaneous combustion of coal and coal mine fires was provided by Banerjee (1985). ... The connection between spontaneous combustion and coal fires has motivated the ongoing stream of publications relating to ...

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Spontaneous Combustion | Combustion | Coal

Mine Fires SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION Seam characteristics Thick seams (thickness greater than 5 m) ... Heat is generated due to oxidation of pyrite and as such it assists the spontaneous combustion of coal It causes heating when present in Presence ...

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Spontaneous Heating and Fire in Coal Mines - ScienceDirect

Spontaneous heating and fire in coal mines is a major problem worldwide and has been a great concern both for the industry and researchers in this field. Majority of fires existing today in different coalfields are mainly due to spontaneous combustion of coal. The ...

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